The oak has a grey-yellow to light brown to dark yellow-brown colouring. The wood pattern of the oak is characterised by ring-shaped early wood vessels and clearly separated annual rings, which show a distinctive pattern of the wood or stripes on the longitudinal surfaces. The large, broad wood rays typical of the oak are conspicuous and enliven the picture as a mirror.
Trade names and other names
German: Eiche astig
English: English oak, European oak, French oak, Pedunculate oak
French: Chene avec noeuds, Gravelin, Chêne pédonculé
Italian: Farnia, Rovere, Rovere di slavonia
Dutch: Europees eiken, Zomereik
Portuguese: Carvalho-roble, Carvalho-vermelho
Arabic: Balluud aswad ingilizi
Available veneer thicknesses
0.56, 0.9, 1.2, 1.4, 2.4 mm, other thicknesses on request
Oak is found almost all over Europe, in Norway up to the 63rd degree north latitude and in Russia up to the 57th degree north latitude, as well as in the Caucasus and in Asia Minor, furthermore in the south as far as central Spain, Sicily and on Crete.
Trunk and bark
Oak reaches a height of up to 50m in favourable locations, with a diameter of up to 2m, but usually shorter and weaker. The trunk of the oak is consistently well grown, often twisted and knotless up to 15m. The bark of the oak is thick, deeply longitudinally fissured and dark grey.
Characteristics and wood colour
The oak has coarse pores and sharply defined annual rings. Wide medullary rays appear as light shiny bands in radial section and as brown lines in tangential section in oak wood. The yellowish-white sapwood of oak is only narrowly developed. The heartwood of the oak is grey-yellow when fresh, later darkening to light to dark brown when exposed to air.