European walnut is known for its historical use in high-quality furniture and objects. This noble hardwood has a rich grey-brown to chocolate-brown or even reddish-brown colour with a strong sapwood area, which is usually evened out by steaming. The colour-contrasting annual rings give the veneer a stripy, sometimes flowery texture. The veneer appearance is given various variations by differently pronounced dark brown to almost black colour stripes.
Trade names and other names
German: Europäischer Walnut
French: Noyer commun, Noyer royal
Italian: Noce da frutto, Noce bianco
Spanish: Nogal común, Nogal europeo, Nogal español
Dutch: Walnoot, okkernoot
Arabic: Gawz, Jouz
Available veneer thicknesses
0.9, 1.4 mm, other thicknesses on request
From Southern Europe to Central Asia, Asia Minor, Caucasus, in the Orient, elsewhere cultivated and partly wild.
Trunk and bark
Walnut is a tree up to 30m tall with diameters up to 2m. Walnut has a woody trunk with a mighty crown. The bark is smooth when young, ash-grey with whitish corky warts on walnut, darkening with age with rough, long-cracked bark.
Characteristics and wood colour
Semi-ring-porous, early wood with coarse single-row vessels, late wood with small vessels Tangentially delicate veining, radially distinct stripes. Sapwood and heartwood clearly separated. Sapwood broad, grey-white and not usable. Heartwood in the root zone and fork branches mostly grainy. Colour of the heartwood depends on age and location, grey-brown to dark brown, often watered, striped and cloudy, matt shiny.