Elm, which has become rare due to elm dieback, is one of the most decorative European woods with its beautiful vividly figured texture. The typical shiny golden-brown colour gives elm wood a distinguished atmosphere.
Trade names and other names
English: Broadleaf elm, European mountain elm, European elm, Scotch elm, Scottish elm, wych elm
French: Orme blanc, Orme de montagne
Italian: Olmo di montagna, Olmo montano
Spanish: Olmo de montaña, oma
Dutch: Ruwe Iep
Available veneer thicknesses
0.56, 0.9, 1.4 mm, other thicknesses on request
The elm (Ulmus glabra) grows in Central and Southern Europe, reaching as far north as the northern part of Scandinavia and as far south as North Africa and Asia Minor. It does not occur in the British Isles.
Trunk and bark
The elm tree grows to a height of about 40 m and diameters between 0.5 and 1.5 m, sometimes slightly spindly due to strong roots. The shaft is usually short, as the branching starts at heights of about 6m, especially in the open. The bark consists of thick-walled bast fibres. The bark of elm (elm) is smooth, brownish grey when young, later splitting into rectangular pieces and then resembling English oak.
Characteristics and wood colour
Pores in early wood are coarse and arranged in multi-rowed rings (ring-porous); late wood pores are fine and mostly united in wavy bands. The sapwood is light-coloured (yellowish to light grey-brown), usually clearly separated from the heartwood, the heartwood ranges from light brown to grey-brown to reddish brown and darkens under the influence of light. In the transition zone from sapwood to heartwood, the formation of colour stripes is possible in elm (elm).