The chestnut has a yellowish brown to dark brown colour. The decorative character of the wood comes from the impressive veins and stripes that appear on the longitudinal cuts. In addition, the large pores of the chestnut form distinct needle cracks. The texture of the wood is strong due to the clearly visible annual rings.
Trade names and other names
German: Kastanie, Edelkastanie
English: Sweet Chestnut, Chestnut, Marron
Italian: Castagno europeo, Castagno
Dutch: Tamme kastanje
Portuguese: Castanheiro, castanheira, castanheiro-bravo, castanheira-portuguesa
Available veneer thicknesses
0.56, 0.9, 1.4 mm and saw veneer 7 mm, other thicknesses on request.
Die Kastanie stammt ursprünglich aus Asien und wurde schon im Altertum in Europa kuliviert, so das das Hauptvorkommen heute noch in den Ländern des Mittelmeergebietes liegt, also besondes in Portugal, Spanien, Italien, Balkan, Nordafrika und kleinasien bis zum Kaspischen Meer. Nördlich der Alpen ist die Kastanie speziell in der Schweiz, in Süddeutschland, in Süd- und Westfrankreich und in Südengland anzutreffen.
Trunk and bark
The chestnut grows up to 25m high and with diameters of up to 1.2m. As a result of the strong cane growth, the trunk is rarely more than 10 to 12m knot-free in chestnut. The bark is glossy reddish brown with white lenticels on one-year-old branches, olive brown on perennial branches, spotted by lichen, and shows bark formation after the 15th year. It is grey-brown, longitudinally cracked and contains about 12% tannic acid.
Characteristics and wood colour
Pores are ring-shaped and large. Annual rings are very distinct. The large pores form distinct needle cracks in longitudinal section. Decorative wood with high tannic acid content. The sapwood and heartwood of the sweet chestnut are well separated. The sapwood is very narrow and dirty yellow-white, while the heartwood is light brown and shiny when fresh, darkening later.