The bamboo belongs to the grass family and has a golden yellow-brownish colour. Ring-shaped thickenings on the trunk are characteristic of it. If the bamboo is processed into veneer, these areas are visible as dark "knots". They are much more visible when processed horizontally than vertically. In Asia, bamboo is still used as a building material.
Trade names and other names
DIN EN 13556 abbreviation: no wood species
Botanical name: Phyllostachys spp.
German: Bambus, Moso, Moso chikui
Technical wood properties
Weight fresh/green: n.a. kg/m³
Bulk density air dry (12-15% u): 700 kg/m³
Tensile strength: n.a. N/mm²
Compressive strength: 20 - 40 N/mm²
Flexural strength: 84 - 270 N/mm²
Shear strength: n.a. N/mm²
Hardness according to Brinell BII: n.a. N/mm²
Hardness according to Brinell: n.a. N/mm²
Differential shrinkage (radial): 0.14%
Differential shrinkage (tangential): 0.14%
Natural durability (DIN-EN 350-2): 5, non-durable
Values of the technical properties of a wood species refer to a wood moisture content of u ≅12% to 15%. Data without guarantee.
Bamboo grows mainly in the tropical and subtropical regions of Asia.
Trunk and bark
No information, as bamboo is a grass and therefore grows very differently.
Characteristics and wood colour
The fibres of bamboo are up to 1 cm long, whereas those in the wood of native trees are only about 2 mm long. However, bamboo consists only to a small extent of the woody substance lignin. The main part is silicic acid. It gives the culm permanent strength and hardness. Bamboo is available in a natural shade of yellowish light brown or as a steamed version in a caramel brown. Bamboo veneer is produced as a wide slat (horizontal) or as a high-sided slat (vertical).
birch, spruce, silver fir, beech
- Wood Atlas | 6th edition in 2006 | Rudi Wagenführ
- Wood science volume 1-3 | 1982 | Hans Heinrich Bosshard
- Properties and core sizes of wood species | 1989 | Jürgen Sell / Lignum Switzerland