A plain texture and a splendid purple to violet colour are the main characteristics of amaranth. The alternating twisted growth makes the fibre course appear irregular, thus growth zones are hardly recognisable. The pores are light, mostly white filled and scattered on a darker ground. The structure of this decorative and unusual wood species is striped, finely needle-cracked and wavy.
Trade names and other names
Abbreviation DIN EN 13556: PGXX
Botanical name: Peltogyne venosa
German: Amarant, Amaranth, Violettholz
English: Purpleheart, Amaranth, Violetwood
French: Amarante, Bois violet, Bois pourpre
Spanish: Amarante, Morado
Portuguese: Pau roxo, Roxinho, Guarabu, Ipe roxo
Technical wood properties
Weight fresh/green: 1'100 - 1'300 kg/m³
Density air dry (12-15% u): 800 - 950 kg/m³
Tensile strength: 2.8 - 4.5 N/mm²
Compressive strength: 73 - 85 N/mm²
Flexural strength: 135 - 163 N/mm²
Shear strength: 15 - 17 N/mm²
Hardness according to Brinell BII: 92 N/mm²
Hardness according to Brinell: 49 N/mm²
Differential shrinkage (radial): 0.40 - 0.58%.
Differential shrinkage (tangential): 0.40 - 0.58%
Natural durability (DIN-EN 350-2): 2-3, durable to moderately durable
Values of the technical properties of a wood species refer to a wood moisture content of u ≅12% to 15%. Data without guarantee.
Amaranth is native to tropical South and Central America.
Trunk and bark
Amaranth is between 30 and 5 0m high and has a diameter of 80 to 120 cm.
Characteristics and wood colour
The pores of amaranth are light and scatteredon a darker ground, often filled with a white substance. Structure very straight grained and dense. The annual rings are hardly visible in amaranth. The wood of amaranth has a splendid purple to violet colour. Sapwood whitish.
Bubinga, Tineo, East Indian Rosewood
- Wood Atlas | 6th edition in 2006 | Rudi Wagenführ
- Wood science volume 1-3 | 1982 | Hans Heinrich Bosshard
- Properties and core sizes of wood species | 1989 | Jürgen Sell / Lignum Switzerland